[This article belongs to Volume - 55, Issue - 10]
Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science
Journal ID : AES-05-10-2023-636

Title : Effect of Fertilizer Composition and Different Varieties on Yield, Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emission from Rice Field in East Java Indonesia
Slameto, Danil Eka Fahrudin, Muhamad Wahyu Saputra,

Abstract : Rice, being a staple food in several Asian countries, contributes to approximately 10% of green-house gas (GHG) emissions during its cultivation. Furthermore, nitrogen fertilization increases the accumulation of GHG emissions. This study aims to investigate the GHG emissions (CH4 and N2O) resulting from the common fertilizer variations used by farmers in Indonesia for two rice varieties, Way Apo Buru and Inpari 32, and their relationship to rice yield. The research was conducted from August to November 2022 in an open field located at Jember, Indonesia. Two rice varieties, Inpari 32 and Way Apo Buru, were employed in this study. Fertilization variations in-cluded: Urea, ZA, SP-36, KCl (250:100:50:50 kg ha-1) (P1); NPK (16:16:16). Urea, ZA (225:175:100 kg ha-1) (P2); NPK (12:12:17), Urea, ZA (175:150:100 kg ha-1) (P3); and NPKS (P1) + manure fertilizer 5 tonnes ha-1 (P4). In this research, Inpari 32 rice achieved greater yields while also exhibiting higher global warming potential. Applying NPKS fertilizer in combination with 5 tonnes ha-1 of manure fertilizer (referred to as P4), resulted in a substantial increase in rice yield compared to alternative fertilizer formulations. The various inorganic fertilizers had a relatively similar influence on growth, production yield, and greenhouse gas emissions (CH4 and N2O). However, the fertilizer NPKS and 5 tonnes manure fertilizer resulted in the lowest CH4 emissions and global warming potential values.