To study the seismic performance of corrugated steel plate concrete-composite shear wall with replaceable component of wall toe, two shear wall specimens were designed and fabricated. The influences of different arrangement forms of corrugated webs on seismic performance of shear wall specimens were analyzed by quasi-static tests and ABAQUS finite element software. The test result indicated that the wall toes of the specimen were destroyed before the main member, and the damage was mainly concentrated on the replaceable components before the ultimate drift ratio was reached. Compared with the horizontal corrugated steel plate concrete-composite shear wall, the lateral bearing capacity of the vertical corrugated steel plate concrete-composite shear wall had increased by 18.3%, the ductility coefficient increased by 28.69%, and the energy dissipation capacity increased by 3.3 times; The rate of bearing capacity degradation and stiffness degradation, the equivalent viscous damping coefficient and the stiffness degradation ratio were all lower, and the initial stiffness of the latter was slightly improved, which demonstrated that the vertical corrugated steel plate concrete-composite shear wall had better mechanical and seismic performance. By comparing the ABAQUS finite element model analyses with the test processes, the failure mode was basically consistent with the test phenomenon, which indicated that the finite element model established in this article had a certain reliability.