For researching the rockburst proneness of Beishan granite under different stress state, servo Test System was used in this study. The stress-strain curves of Beishan granite under different confining pressures were obtained, and the loading process was controlled by axial pressures and circumferential deformation. It was mainly focused on the energy evolution of rocks in the process of failure, and the results proved that both the total energy and elastic energy increased with increasing confining pressure when rock failure. Variable quantity of total energy and elastic energy from peak stress to residual stress increased with increasing confining pressure. The effect of the energy storage coefficient and the energy releasing coefficient on the rock failue were analysed, and a new rock burst proneness index was performed based on the energy storage and releasing coefficient, which not only represented energy change characteristics but also expresses the rockburst proneness under different stress states. It was thusused to research the rockburst proneness under different stress states, and the result showed that the rockburst proneness increased with increasing confining pressure. Specifically, when the confining was less than 10 MPa, the effect of confining on rockburst proneness was weakened;when the confining pressure exceeded 10 MPa, the effect on rockburst proneness sharply increased;thereafter, as the confining continues to increase, the effect was gradually decreased.