[This article belongs to Volume - 54, Issue - 06]
Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science
Journal ID : AES-15-08-2022-281

Title : Studying the effect of adding (binary composite Nano powders made by sol-gel and relaxation method) on the mechanical properties of the polymeric blend, to manufacture a hybrid nanocomposite material used for medical applications.
Hayder Abbas Sallal, Mohammed Hamid Mahbooba, Ahmed Saad kadhim, Fatima safaa fahim, Zainab S. Al-Khafaji,

Abstract : The industrial requirements, it was not satisfied with the development of composite materials but worked to develop new types of them, and among these types, hybrid composite materials gained great interest from researchers and industrialists because of their distinctive properties that contributed to occupying the lead in most engineering, medical and other applications. This research includes, first, the manufacture of particulate reinforcement material (binary composite nanoparticles) using the sol-gel method and the relaxation method. The resulting composite nanoparticles and their properties have been studied by using (EDX, X-Ray, SEM, PSA) assays. The results of the examination showed that the temperature affected the size of the resulting particles in addition to the type of the resulting phases, whereby the lower temperatures gave more nanophase compared to the higher temperature when it gave one phase to zirconia, while the shape of the particles tends to a spherical shape. The second part of the work involves the manufacture of a polymeric mixture consisting of a resin (lamination and methyl vinyl silicone), where methyl vinyl silicone was added according to the weight ratios (4, 8, 12, and 16) to the lamination resin. The properties of the mixture were studied through tests (tensile, bending, shock, and hardness). Where the best results were achieved at the rate (12%). The last part of the work is to manufacture the nano-hybrid composite material by choosing the best blend with the percentage (12%) and it had the highest properties to represent the polymeric base material and using the binary composite nanoparticles as a reinforcement material, Where these nanoparticles were added at rates (3, 6, 9 and 12)%.. The properties of the resulting hybrid composite material were studied through tests (tensile, flexural, impact, and hardness). The results proved that the binary composite nanoparticles improved the properties of the mixture well for both sizes (30 and 89) nm and all mixing ratios compared to the sample free of addition. The best results appeared when adding particles with a size of (30nm) and for all tests compared to samples reinforced with particles with a size of (89 nm). Where this hybrid nanocomposite material can be used in prosthetic applications.