[This article belongs to Volume - 55, Issue - 08]
Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science
Journal ID : AES-14-08-2023-605

Title : Tactical Urbanism as a Sustainable Urban Design Approach for Informal Areas in Egypt
Yasmine Essam Sayed, Hesham Mohamed El-Barmelgy, Kariman Ahmed Shawky,

Abstract : Egypt includes 227 cities, the percentage of informal urban areas that were developed by local communities without any previous planning, are estimated to be around 60% of the total Egyptian urban. Although, the undeniable contribution of such sector, confronting one of the major country problems, in providing housing for medium and low-income categories. The created urbanism has not been able to provide the minimum quality of life for such categories. The Egyptian housing officials and researchers has been striving for an approach that can contribute to the urban problems of such areas with the minimum governmental interventions and financial aids. Tactical urbanism is a global approach for developing urban areas. It depends on short-term interventions for long-term change, local and low-cost solutions as a community-based bottom-up development approach. The paper aims to develop a practical framework for activating tactical urbanism in the informal urban areas of Egypt. The framework aims to help urban planners, designers, local communities’ agents and local municipalities to improve the quality of life for residence of these areas. Refinements of the framework were done based on the findings of studying a number of international tactical urbanism projects. In order to retune the framework to suit the situation and context of the Egyptian urban areas a survey was conducted targeting Egyptian urban professionals and academics. Accordingly, the paper composed the final elements and indicators of the framework and their relative importance index (RII), thus innovating a model that can predict and introduce tactical urbanism to the informal urban areas of Egypt.