Archive of

Advanced Engineering Science

Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science
Journal ID : AES-14-11-2022-419

Abstract : Now a day’s millions of people use social networks like Facebook and Twitter to communicate, showing present status, achievements, and daily activities. Like two sides for a coin, here also two different paths that affect human life negatively and positively by the usage of social networks in the present world, like a genuine users some fake users spread fake contents by using fake user identities that may lead to several problems in the society like law and order problems, riots, protests, etc… to avoid these type of actions nowadays researchers focuses on spam detection techniques in twitter by which results are getting positively. Researchers employed spam-detection methods that relied on phoney users, spam-based URLs, spamming of popular topics, and fake material. All these techniques work based on features available on social networks like user information, content sharing, graphical data, time and structural data. Present literature work in this paper gives deep information about different techniques used by researchers to detect spam contents in various social networks that may be useful for researchers to have information gathered in a spot..
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Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science
Journal ID : AES-14-11-2022-418

Abstract : Speaking is the most common and practical form of communication. Automated voice recognition allows for natural communication between machines and people. It has developed into an interesting and challenging field. It enhances the computer’s capacity to react precisely to spoken words. A method for locating individual pronounced words in voice signals is called keyword spotting. Markov Chain Models without discrimination are commonly utilized in algorithm-finding keywords. This study presented a keyword identification method that used neural networks and iterative data to estimate keyword probabilities over time. This work aims to properly identify keywords in a recently constructed multilingual speech dataset. This dataset includes data in Hindi, English, and Assamese for 7-day, 10-digit, and 12-month periods. According to test findings, the suggested framework can correctly predict word samples in English, Assamese, and Hindi with 83.34 percent, 86.96 percent, and 81.36 percent accuracy during training. Applications for finding keywords in spoken text utilize isolated word recognition. This is useful for embedded and mobile devices..
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Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science
Journal ID : AES-14-11-2022-417

Abstract : Lung cancer is the cancer that spreads the fastest and is typically detected at an advanced stage. It may cause death with late diagnosing and improper treatment. A computer-aided detection method is required to categorise the lung nodule with the greatest degree of accuracy in order to avoid delays in diagnosis due to advancements in medical imaging methods like computed tomography (CT) scans. This study proposed a novel architecture D3DR_MKCA based on Deep Residual network incorporating convolutional block attention module (CBAM) which applied on different scale feature maps to classify lung nodules. CBAM improves the representation power of Residual Network. Initially lung nodules are efficiently segmented with the help of Location Aware Encoding Network and those segmented nodules are further classified into Adenocarcinoma, Small Cell Carcinoma, Large Cell Carcinoma, and Squamous Cell Carcinoma cancerous tissues with the help of proposed D3DR_MKCA deep architecture. A Large-Scale CT and PET/CT Dataset for Lung Cancer Diagnosis (Lung-PET-CT-Dx)are used for performance analysis and the D3DR_MKCA model archives F1-score up to 90.96%..
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Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science
Journal ID : AES-13-11-2022-416

Abstract :

In order to effectively solve the defects of boundary distortion, artifacts and training instability when repairing complex backgrounds and high-resolution images, an image repair algorithm based on dual generative adversarial networks and multi-scale discriminators is proposed. First, the image to be repaired is input into the content prediction network based on the dilated convolution layer, and the reconstruction loss and the global decision device based on the generative adversarial loss are used as the standard, and the rough repair is performed to obtain a clear and reasonable overall semantic consistency. structure. Then, the rough inpainting result is input into the detail inpainting network, and after being decoded and deconvoluted by the dilated convolution path and the perceptual convolution path, it is sent to three different-scale decision devices for optimization to improve the fine-grained texture of the inpainting result. Finally, 3 different scales of adversarial losses are used to optimize network parameters to capture multi-scale edge information of damaged regions and generate reasonable and realistic texture details. On the recognized image dataset, the algorithm of this paper is used for inpainting experiment, dual network inpainting comparison, high-resolution inpainting comparison, target removal experiment, ablation experiment and objective experiment. , can generate reasonable structure and clear texture details; the double network structure is better than the single network structure; the fine-grained texture obtained when repairing high-resolution images is better than the comparison algorithm; the algorithm proposed in this paper is used for high-resolution target removal , can get results with clear and reasonable structure and fine texture; ablation experiments verify the effectiveness of the proposed module; the peak signal-to-noise ratio, structural similarity, and average l1 error and average l2 The errors are all better than the compared classical inpainting algorithms. In short, the algorithm proposed in this paper can well combine the overall semantics of the image, enhance the restoration accuracy of image details, and effectively avoid problems such as structural texture disorder, pixel overlapping, and boundary distortion

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Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science
Journal ID : AES-13-11-2022-415

Abstract :

Aiming at the problems of low brightness and blurred details in images captured under low light, an image enhancement algorithm based on gradient sparsity and multi-scale variational constraint was proposed by analyzing the defects of traditional Retinex theory. Firstly, the input image was transformed from RGB space to HSV space, and the luminance component was extracted to decouple three channels. Then, according to the gradient global significance of zero norm, a new relative total variation regular term was defined. After that, the luminance component was punished in HSV space, and a variational model with gradient sparsity was constructed to constrain the brightness channel. By expanding the control factors to multiple scales, a multi-scale variational constraint was formed, which improves the accuracy of illumination estimation and makes it more in line with the illumination distribution characteristics. According to the Retinex theory, areflection map corresponding to brightness channel was obtained. Then, the rough details, medium details and fine details of the image were extracted by using different illumination results corresponding to constraints in different scales of brightness channel, and the details of the reflection map was enhanced by multi-scale detail weighting. Finally, the illumination map after Gamma correction was recombined with the enhanced reflection ma, and the color space conversion was carried out to obtain the output enhanced image. Experimental comparisons show that the enhanced images of the proposed algorithm visually have richer colors richness and lower color difference level, and keep the naturalness well. Compared with the original images, the performance of mean value, average gradient and information entropy have been greatly improved. Compared with the existing advanced algorithms, the average quantitative index of the proposed algorithm achieves a better effect on the enhanced images of different types of low-light images with higher computational efficiency.

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